How to Refinish Wood Furniture

Wooden furniture is one element that can be found in almost every room in the house.

This is due to its practical nature, easy-to-move, and wood elements that can blend perfectly with the room to create a warm and simple atmosphere.

However, wooden furniture is susceptible to mold, easy to scratch, or will even experience “aging,” which can affect its appearance if not cared for properly.

But there’s no need to worry. Changes in appearance don’t necessarily change their function, so we don’t have to rush to replace them with new ones.

The appearance of the furniture can be improved by refinishing it. Besides being more economical, varnish can also save you money. 

Refinishing furniture can also help you to gain the best look at your furniture rather than buying a new one that can cost a lot of money.

When you choose to refurnish your furniture, you need to prepare the materials and the tools. All the stuff that most people usually use to refinish wood furniture is easy to find in the store.

Meanwhile, the ways or steps to refinish wood furniture also can be followed by anyone, even a beginner.

So, keep reading if you need to know how to refinish the wood furniture that you can apply anytime with easy-peasy stuff and materials. Here are some ways to refinish your wood furniture:

Get rid of some old paintings

To maximize the results of the new varnish, the old paint on the furniture must be removed as the first step.

One way to remove old paint on your furniture is using denatured alcohol, varnish, lacquer thinner, or paint remover. You can buy it at the nearest chemical store. 

Ensure you get rid of the old paint in the open area or a room with good ventilation to avoid the dangers of chemicals from paint remover.

If you choose to do it in a room, it’s a good idea to provide a base under the furniture you want to polish so that the peeling paint doesn’t contaminate the floor. 

Then, apply paint remover to all furniture parts, wait until the liquid reacts and the paint on the furniture peels off completely. Use a scraper knife and heat-resistant gloves to clean the peeling paint clean.

Check the parts that need more maintenance

The second way is adapted by checking your furniture condition. After you clean the whole furniture, you can check the parts of the furniture that need more repair.

You probably need some features or hardware to alter some details of the furniture. 

Sand the wood surface

If all parts of the furniture are cleaned of remnants of old paint, use sandpaper to sand the surface of the wood.

It is highly recommended to make the wood furniture more even and delicate so that the old paint residue can be completely removed.

For maximum results, use sandpaper with a rough level of 150 to 220. Then, clean the remaining dust from the sandpaper until the furniture is ready to be refinished.

Apply termite repellent

To keep the furniture durable from termite interference, it is a good idea to coat it with termite-repellent ingredients first. Use liquid medicine for easy application.

Mix the medicine with water in a container, then stir with a brush. Then apply the liquid medicine to the entire surface of the wood evenly.

Prioritize hard-to-reach areas such as the bottom and corners of furniture because termites most often infest these areas. Let stand a few moments until the drug is absorbed into the wood completely.

Paint the wood or furniture 

After the termite repellent is completely dry, paint your furniture the color you want. But it should be remembered that the choice of paint type must be based on the type of wood so that the painting results are satisfactory.

Allow a few moments for the paint to dry completely.

Prepare varnish materials and tools

After the paint on the furniture is dry, the next step is to prepare the wood polishing materials and tools such as varnish, 2-inch, and 3-inch brushes, water/solvent, spoons, plastic cups, clean cotton cloth, aluminum oxide sandpaper number 180 and 400.

After the materials and tools are available, dissolve the varnish with water or solvent thinner into a plastic glass. Use a spoon to get the ratio of the mixture between the polish and water. Stir until completely even.

Application of varnish

When the polish is ready, apply the polish to the wood using a 2-inch brush on the narrow areas and a 3-inch brush on the broad areas.

Apply in the direction of the grain of the wood, not against it. This method of application can make the polishing result even more. When finished, let the varnish dry well. You can store it in the sun, so the drying process is fast.


After the varnish is completely dry, sand the wood surface again using sandpaper number 400. Only sand the outer area slowly to avoid the surface that you have varnished is not completely removed.

When you have finished, clean the sandpaper dust, then reapply the polish. Do this step several times until you get the painted color you want.

Those are the steps to refinish your wooden furniture with simple and satisfying results.

However, if you want to make some changes to your furniture through the refinishing process, you are supposed to have a lot of time and energy because this process needs a lot of effort and your free time.

Another thing is that you need to pay more attention to the location where you refinish your furniture.

Make sure you have a lot of spaces, such as an open area or a big room that has ventilation to avoid dust and chemical materials while refinishing the furniture.

Moreover, refinishing your wood furniture does not mean applying the same color as the old paint. Otherwise, you can modify it by painting with them.

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