How to Refurbish Furniture

Many people have outdated furniture that is still being utilized every day. They tend to refurbish it rather than buying a new one because the furniture can still be used and even modified by the owner’s preferences.

Mostly, people choose to refurbish their furniture by considering some aspects, such as keeping the item useful and relevant, keeping the story inside the old furniture, and adding beauty and uniqueness to the item. 

However, some people still get confused about refurbishing furniture, which is usually similar to refinishing it. The refurbishing process is more than refinishing.

Generally, refurbishing can be seen as how you repair your furniture by reupholstering, repainting, adding some items on the top or the side, fixing some broken items, or probably need to substitute the old hardware with the new one.  

Hence, you need a lot of time and effort to refurbish your furniture because sometimes you need to add some features to alter the broken or deemed details.

Yet, people refurbish furniture not only to repair old and broken furniture. They also refurbish furniture to alter some elements or features in their furniture to fit their preferences. 

So, if you are looking for a way to refurbish your furniture, here is a guide for beginners who want to make changes to the furniture or refurbish the old ones.

Remove the old hardware 

The first step you take to refurbish is removing the old hardware. It can help you to refurbish the furniture into small pieces.

Moreover, removing the hardware from your furniture will help you to paint the furniture more easily to apply and cover the whole stuff. 

Clean the furniture

Before you refurbish your outdated furniture, you need to clean the pieces of your furniture to find their physical condition.

You can use a mixture of soap and water and then remove the dirt and dust using a sponge. It might help you to know if there are dents that require some additional improvement. 

Get rid of some old paints

After your furniture looks cleaner and you have spotted some details to be repaired. Refurbishing furniture is altering the important side of furniture— the paint.

So, the covers of paint that cover your furniture should be removed first to make it easier to refurbish your furniture.

Get rid of some old paints using a citrus stripper on the furniture. Apply the paintbrush to help remove any paint or stains so you can get the bare wood. Then, use a putty knife and begin to scrape it. 

Sand the furniture 

Removing the old stain is required to remove the bare wood from your furniture. After that, to make it more delicate, you can use a sander by using 120 sanding paper and the 220 grit sanding block.

Sanding the piece makes your furniture smooth and even. Make sure you remove the remaining dust after sanding the furniture to keep your area clean.

Repair the defect of some items

Refurbishing old furniture surely needs to follow this step. Sometimes, your outdated furniture has some defects you need to repair.

Hence, after you sand some pieces of your furniture, you can find the defects of some items and then repair them properly.

It is easy to repair small defects like dents, but for the big ones, you might need to substitute the new features.


Some people usually skip this process because they think it is not necessary to do it. However, the priming process will help you to make the paint adhere to the furniture better.

Moreover, using prime on your furniture will avoid the yellow and brown marks on the paint when you are using the lighter color. It could happen because of the wood tannins on your furniture. 

After spraying or rolling the prime onto your furniture, you can sand the pieces again using a 220 sanding block to ensure the surface is smooth from spray bumps and roller marks. 

Paint or stain the furniture

Now, it is time to paint or stain your piece of furniture. You can apply the paint in many ways, but the easiest way is using a brush.

You can wet the brush before starting to paint. This helps the brush glide and creates a very smooth finish. To gain the best result, you can apply 2-4 thin layers. 2 coats for the darker colors and four coats for the lighter ones.


Add hardware where needed 

When you decide to refurbish your old furniture, you also probably need to add some features or hardware for some items of your furniture.

Moreover, refurbishing furniture is not only used for repairing old furniture, but you can also refurbish furniture to modify and fit it into your preferences.

Hence, some people usually take off some items and add some features to their furniture. You can add new hardware after the paint gets dry and the surface looks smooth and nice. 

Apply the top coat 

The last step in refurbishing your furniture is applying the top coat for protection. It is the way to avoid scratching if you use the furniture.

You can apply the top coat by spraying water-based polyurethane on your furniture. It would be better if you applied a minimum of 3 layers for protection. 

Those are eight ways to refurbish your furniture. Before you move to your furniture, ensure you have all the materials and stuff found in many stores.

Moreover, you will need a large space to refurbish your furniture because there will be a lot of dust and rubbish. Anyone can do some refurbishing of furniture, even if you are still a beginner.

You can try to find the easiest ways to refurbish your furniture. Enjoy the refurbishing furniture process to help you create more unique and beautiful furniture than before.

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