Learn and Understand about Types of Hardwood

Products from wood are popular lately. People consider using wood than other materials due to its natural beauty. It is a perfect choice for eco-effective design and building.

If you are in a construction project, it is necessary to understand the difference between wood types. The wood has two kinds of wood hardwood and softwood. They are not classified base on their hardness but from the types of trees and its characteristic. Hardwood comes from deciduous trees and softwood comes from conifer trees.

This article shares brief information about the types of hardwood. Let us see the following explanation. 

Species of hardwood

Mostly, woodworkers prefer hardwoods than softwoods. It has various colors, fibers, and current patterns that create a piece of interesting-looking furniture or flooring. Hardwoods are more costly than softwoods.

Hardwood is the woods that is originally from flowering plants or commonly called angiosperms. As its characteristic, it is strong and solid. They are taken from the deciduous trees with wide leaves and bears fruit or nut. They are regularly asleep in the winter. 

The species varies by area. Each species requires appropriate conditions, like specific kinds of soil and nutrients, and several quantities of moisture in which to grow. 

There are three types of hardwood, European Hardwood, Tropical Hardwood, and Temperate Hardwood. The following description provides a brief comparison among all. Let us begin with European Hardwood.

1. European Hardwood

The main source of these types of hardwood is in Croatia, France, and Germany. It is used for both indoor and outdoor.

They are famous for the oak and beech. The oak can be used for interior and exterior considering the wood strength. Meanwhile, the beech is more suitable for internal use because of the resistance of breaks and compression. 

The European oak has even color and consistent tone. It has a curved and peculiar grain too.

2. Tropical Hardwood.

As it names, this hardwood grows in the tropical rainforest. It is originally from Africa, Asia, and South America. They get tropical and subtropical moisture and harvest there. 

Tropical Hardwood includes mahogany, rosewood, teak, ebony, and meranti. This kind commonly applies to worldwide industrial. Some tropical hardwoods are imported for domestic use, for example, interior application. 

For flooring, it is more recommended due to its color, uniqueness pattern, hardness, and glow. However, one of the main issues is that it might come from an old-growing rainforest.

3. Temperate Hardwood

These types of hardwood are native to North America. Due to region temperature, they lose their leaves every autumn and winter. You can find the hardwood forests in the United States, Canada, China, Japan, and some parts of Europe. 

This wood is imported as well as stock. As in tropical hardwood, it offers various kinds of color, texture, and character. You can get a warm or darker tone of hardwood for furniture. 

Apart from furniture, each species can be crafted into cabinetry, flooring, and millwork. So, it can be used for multiple applications. 

We will discuss further its example in the below explanation. 

Which woods are considered hardwoods in the USA?

For many years, North America forests provide more than 20 species of hardwood. However, American Hardwood is renewable and regeneratable. Some rare species are unexplored for commercial availability.

As mentioned previously, types of soil and specific amounts of moisture affects the growth of American Hardwood. Therefore, these types of hardwood mostly grow in the Eastern part of the nation.

One of the most-wanted American Hardwoods is Oak. It grows at 52 percent compare to the others. The second largest is Poplar at 11 percent. Then, followed by Maple at 8 percent, and Cherry at 5 percent. 

Herewith the lists of favorite hardwoods in the USA.

1. Oak

You may be wondering why Oak is dominating amidst others. This wood is found everywhere in this country. It is also affordable compare to other American Harwood. You can make cabinets, furniture, flooring, doors, or anything else from this wood.

This wood has two kinds, Red Oak and White Oak. The White one is more favorable than the Red one. Besides, the white oak harder and more stable than the red oak. 

2. Poplar

The next favorable types of hardwood are Poplar. The wood originally comes from a tulip tree. Its characteristic is mimic to more costly hardwoods. Although it is one of American Hardwood, it is quite soft.

This wood is also inexpensive and commonly used for utility hardwoods. It applies to furniture frames and veneer but rarely used in fine furniture. 

3. Maple

This kind of wood is not merely hard but also has a likable stain. The color is light and commonly mimic to the Oak. It is also inexpensive and easy to find in most lumberyards. 

It has two varieties: hard and soft. Both are harder than any other woods. Its hardness is at number 5 on a scale of 1 to 5. Due to its hardness, this wood is more stable. 

4. Cherry

Cherry has a subtle reddish-brown surface. It is suitable for fine furniture and trim. Because of its appearance and the price, this wood is also one of the premier hardwoods in the US. 

It is easy to work with this wood. The hardness is medium and has a beautiful stain. These types of hardwood are possibly found in sustainably grown forests.

Hardwood selection guide.

If you are in the process of house furnishing, you might think about what kind of wood you will need. However, this is not a simple thought. There is much consideration to determine types of hardwood for your home. 

Aside from its types and quality, you should also consider the process of creating a piece of them. Think about other external factors too. 

Below are brief guidance as an overview of hardwood selection.

1. Recognize the style of your home.

First, you should know about the style of your home. Is it classic, traditional, or modern? So, you will know what types of hardwood you need. 

Specific wood might be appropriate for a particular style. However, don’t limit your idea because of that. You can do multiple creative things by mixing old and new hardwood. 

2. Identify the humidity for wood stability.

Each hardwood has varied humidity. The increase in humidity can make wood expand in width. Take a stable hardwood for a door or window. 

Besides, the place of installation is taking an important part too. A hardwood flooring for the second floor will be a different type with the basement. The moisture in the basement can threaten the strength of your hardwood flooring.

3. Realize your living habit.

Do you have a pet or a little child? Are you often throw parties? Are you travel a lot? Think about those questions before you decide to choose the hardwood for your home. 

If you are planning to install types of hardwood for flooring, you should consider your house traffic. Think about how much you will damage your floor. 

These things will make you learn about certain wood species. Find a hard and durable hardwood. Oak is one of the examples. When you are considering about the species, it will guide you to choose the grain, color, and appearance.

4. Check the wood defects.

Look it carefully and observe the knots, insect holes, sapwood, and so on. A stain can add wood value. Some people like to keep it as well. 

Once you know about its faulty parts, you can finish it. A finish influences your wood maintenance. Choose the gloss level that can match to your flooring. 

We recommend you to purchase a prefinished wood. It is easier for you to save you time and effort. It can give you a good idea too.

5. Consider the cost and installation.

Hardwood flooring installation is not as cheap as you thought. Unique look types of hardwood can make you spend more than your estimated budget. A valuable hardwood is worth the higher cost.

You might want your floor to last longer. Of course, it might cost you extra maintenance. The high up-front cost can worry you, but this can save your funds in the long run.

6. Test your hardwood.

It is an important step. Don’t forget to ask a sample for your flooring. So, you will have a real picture of that. Installing your flooring based on a photo sample from a showroom can contrast with your finishing.

Choose a sample with a stain as well. This can bear about the finish on it. Test it with your paint colors and decor too. So, you can be sure that it is as you want.

The Other Values of Hardwood

The above discussion is the general use of Hardwood. Aside from housing material, there some alternative use of these Types of Hardwood. The following are some examples.

1. Guitar.

Some iconic guitar brands are made of this wood. By having a good grain and steady texture, hardwood can be an excellent element for these crafted musical instruments.

2. Walking Stick.

Specific types of hardwood can be used as a walking stick. This wood has an elastic characteristic. It provides good flexibility and enables it to be created into a comfortable handle.

3. Smoking Pipe.

There is a hardwood that is used as beautiful smoking pipes. It is made with vibrant color. These smoking pipes are also satisfactorily strong that can last for many years.

The above valuable explanation can enrich you with knowledge about the hardwood. Its density and strength can be an ideal material for your projects.

Each hardwood has different specific characteristics, good quality, and attractive aesthetics. So, it is happy to share this article. Hopefully, types of hardwood are useful for you to decide which selection is suitable for you.