Finished Butcher Block Countertop: Wooden Kitchen Upgrade

Imagine walking into a kitchen with a warm, rustic charm, complete with a butcher block countertop, a functional workspace, and a significant contributor to the room’s aesthetic appeal.

This is the magic of finished butcher block countertops. They have a way of transforming a kitchen from ordinary to extraordinary while also providing a durable and practical work surface.

In this article, we’ll delve into butcher block countertops, exploring their construction, the importance of finishing and sealing them, and the various types of wood used. So, if you’re considering a kitchen makeover or simply curious about these beautiful countertops, keep reading!

What is a Butcher Block Countertop?

A butcher block countertop is made from straight cuts of wood glued together to form a sturdy surface. It’s like bringing a slice of nature into your kitchen but with a polished, refined touch. The wood used can range from maple, oak, cherry, walnut, and even exotic species, each with unique grain patterns, colors, and textures.

Butcher block countertops are not just about aesthetics but also about sustainability. With the right choice of wood, these countertops can be an eco-friendly addition to your kitchen. For instance, if you opt for a countertop made from reclaimed or sustainably harvested wood, you’re making a choice that’s kind to the environment.

The appeal of butcher block countertops extends beyond their beauty and sustainability. They are also incredibly durable. Hardwood countertops, when properly maintained, can withstand the rigors of a busy kitchen and last for years.

Types of Wood for Butcher Block Countertops

The options are plentiful when choosing the right wood for your butcher block countertop. Each type of wood brings unique characteristics, influencing not only the look and feel of your countertop but also its functionality and environmental impact. Let’s explore some of the most popular choices.


Maple is a popular choice for butcher block countertops, and for a good reason. It’s incredibly durable, with a tight grain that can withstand heavy use. Its light, neutral color makes it a versatile choice that fits almost any kitchen design. Plus, maple is a sustainable choice as it’s a fast-growing species.


Oak is another excellent choice for butcher block countertops. It’s known for its strength and durability, making it perfect for a busy kitchen. Oak’s distinctive grain pattern adds a rustic charm to your kitchen. However, it’s worth noting that oak is slower-growing than maple, which may impact its sustainability credentials.


If you’re looking for luxury, cherry wood might be the perfect choice. It’s less hard than maple or oak but still durable enough for a kitchen countertop. Cherry wood has a rich, warm color that deepens over time, adding a touch of elegance to your kitchen.


Walnut is a premium choice for butcher block countertops. It’s strong and durable, with a beautiful, rich color that ranges from light to dark brown. Walnut can add a touch of sophistication to your kitchen but comes with a higher price tag.


While technically grass and not wood, bamboo has become a popular choice for eco-conscious homeowners. It’s incredibly fast-growing, making it a highly sustainable option. Bamboo offers a unique, modern look and is surprisingly durable. However, it may not withstand heavy use as well as hardwood.

Why Finish Butcher Block Countertops?

Suppose you’ve invested in a beautiful butcher block countertop. In that case, you’ll want to ensure it stays in tip-top condition for as long as possible. That’s where finishing comes in. But why is finishing so important?

Firstly, finishing a butcher block countertop provides a protective layer that shields the wood from damage. Kitchens are busy, and countertops must withstand a lot – think hot pots, sharp knives, and spillages. A good finish will help prevent stains, warping, and scratches, prolonging the life of your countertop.

Secondly, finishing enhances the natural beauty of the wood. It brings out the grain, deepens the color, and gives the wood a smooth, touchable surface. It’s like the difference between a raw gemstone and one that’s been polished – both are beautiful, but the polished one shines.

Lastly, there’s a bit of science involved. Wood is a natural material that reacts to its environment. It expands and contracts with changes in humidity and temperature. A finish helps to stabilize the wood, reducing these fluctuations and preventing cracking and warping.

What is the Best Finish for Butcher Block Countertops?

Choosing the right finish for your butcher block countertop can feel daunting, given the many options available. However, two types of finishes are commonly used: oil and lacquer.

Oil Finishes

Oil finishes, such as mineral or tung oil, penetrate the wood, enhancing its color and grain. They provide a warm, natural look and feel, making them popular for butcher block countertops. Oil finishes are easy to apply and maintain. They are food-safe, making them ideal for countertops used for food preparation. However, they do require regular reapplication to maintain their protective qualities.

Lacquer Finishes

Lacquer finishes, on the other hand, create a hard, protective surface on top of the wood. They’re highly durable and resistant to heat, water, and chemicals, making them a good choice for busy kitchens. Lacquer finishes provide a glossy, polished look, which can be an attractive feature. However, they can show scratches more easily than oil finishes, and they’re not food-safe, so they’re best for countertops that aren’t used for direct food preparation.

What is the Permanent Finish for Butcher Block?

Many homeowners and professionals turn to polyurethane when it comes to a long-lasting, durable finish for butcher block countertops. Polyurethane is a type of finish that forms a tough, protective layer on the surface of the wood, making it resistant to water, heat, and many common household chemicals.

The benefits of a polyurethane finish are numerous. It’s incredibly durable, making it a great choice for high-traffic kitchens. It’s also low-maintenance; unlike oil finishes, which must be reapplied regularly, a polyurethane finish can last many years with minimal upkeep.

Applying a polyurethane finish is a straightforward process but requires some preparation. The countertop must be clean and dry; any old finish or blemishes should be sanded. The polyurethane is then applied in thin coats, allowing each coat to dry thoroughly before applying the next. It’s a bit of a project, but the result is a beautiful, durable finish that can withstand kitchen life’s rigours.

How to Finish and Seal Butcher Block Countertops?

Finishing and sealing a butcher block countertop is a task that requires a bit of time and patience, but the results are well worth the effort. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

  1. Preparation: Start by cleaning the countertop thoroughly. Any dust, dirt, or grease can interfere with the finish, so ensure the surface is spotless. If there are any old finishes on the countertop, you’ll need to sand them off.
  2. Sanding: Using a medium-grit sandpaper, sand the surface of the countertop. This will help the finish adhere better. After sanding, wipe away any dust with a damp cloth.
  3. Applying the Finish: The application process is similar, whether oil or polyurethane. Apply the finish toward the wood grain using a clean, lint-free cloth or a foam brush. Let it soak in for a few minutes if you’re using oil, then wipe away any excess. If you’re using polyurethane, apply a thin, even coat and let it dry.
  4. Sealing: If you’re using an oil finish, the oil itself acts as a sealer. If you’re using polyurethane, you’ll need to apply a separate sealer. This is usually done after the final coat of polyurethane has dried.
  5. Maintenance: To keep your countertop looking its best, clean it regularly with mild soap and water. Avoid harsh cleaners, which can damage the finish. If you’ve used an oil finish, you must reapply it every few months to protect the countertop.

Do Butcher Block Countertops Last Long?

Butcher block countertops are known for their durability and, with proper care, can last for many years. On average, a well-maintained butcher block countertop lasts 20 to 30 years. However, regular maintenance and proper use can significantly extend this lifespan.

A butcher block countertop’s longevity largely depends on the type of finish used and how well it’s maintained. A countertop with a durable finish like polyurethane and regularly cleaned and cared for can withstand the rigors of a busy kitchen for decades. On the other hand, a countertop that’s not properly sealed or maintained may show signs of wear and tear much sooner.

Factors Affecting the Lifespan of Butcher Block Countertops

Several factors can affect the lifespan of a butcher block countertop. Here are some of the most significant ones:

Type of Wood

The type of wood used in the countertop can significantly impact its durability. Hardwoods like maple and oak are known for their strength and can withstand heavy use, while softer woods like cherry may be more prone to scratches and dents.

Finish Used

The type of finish used can also affect the countertop’s lifespan. Durable finishes like polyurethane provide a strong, protective layer to help the countertop resist damage and extend its lifespan.


Regular maintenance is crucial for prolonging the lifespan of a butcher block countertop. This includes regular cleaning, reapplying the finish as needed, and promptly repairing any damage.


How the countertop is used can also affect its lifespan. A countertop used for heavy-duty tasks like chopping and cutting will likely wear out faster than one used for light tasks like preparing food or serving.

Maintaining Your Finished Butcher Block Countertop

Maintaining a finished butcher block countertop is key to ensuring its longevity and appearance. Here are some tips and best practices to help you do just that:

  1. Regular Cleaning: Clean your countertop regularly with mild soap and warm water. Avoid harsh cleaners, which can damage the finish and the wood underneath.
  2. Promptly Deal with Spills: Don’t let liquids sit on the countertop for too long. Wipe up spills promptly to prevent staining and water damage.
  3. Use Cutting Boards: Even though butcher block can handle chopping and cutting, using a cutting board can help prevent scratches and keep your countertop looking new.
  4. Avoid Excessive Heat: While butcher block can handle heat to some extent, it’s best to use trivets or heat pads when placing hot pots and pans on the countertop to prevent scorch marks.
  5. Regular Oil Application: If your countertop is finished with oil, reapply the oil every few months to keep the wood moisturized and protected.

Avoid common maintenance mistakes such as using harsh chemicals for cleaning, neglecting regular oil application (for oil-finished countertops), and not protecting the countertop from excessive heat.

When to Refinish Your Butcher Block Countertop

Knowing when to refinish your butcher block countertop is crucial to maintaining its beauty and functionality. Here are some signs that it might be time for a refinish:

  1. Visible Scratches or Dents: If your countertop has visible scratches or dents that can’t be removed with regular cleaning, it might be time for a refinish.
  2. Dry or Faded Appearance: If your countertop looks dry or faded, it might need a new finish even after oiling.
  3. Water Damage: If there are signs of water damage, such as dark spots or warping, refinishing can help restore the countertop.
  4. Changes in Texture: If the countertop’s surface feels rough to the touch, even after cleaning, it might be time for a refinish.

Generally, butcher block countertops should be refinished every 10-20 years, depending on use and wear. However, if you notice any of the above signs, it might be time to refinish sooner.

Cost of Butcher Block Countertops and Their Finishing

When it comes to kitchen renovations, budgeting is a crucial aspect. Understanding the cost of butcher block countertops and their finishing can help you plan your project effectively.

The cost of butcher block countertops can vary widely depending on several factors. These include the type of wood used, the thickness of the countertop, and the finish applied. On average, butcher block countertops, including installation, can range from $30 to $200 per square foot.

Different types of wood come with different price tags. For instance, maple and oak are more affordable, while exotic woods like teak or walnut are pricier. The thickness of the countertop also plays a role in the cost. Thicker countertops require more material and are, therefore, more expensive.

The cost of finishing a butcher block countertop can also vary. Oil finishes are generally less expensive, ranging from $10 to $20 per quart, while polyurethane finishes cost between $20 and $50 per quart. However, remember that oil finishes require more frequent reapplication, which can add to the overall cost over time.

To save on costs, consider the following tips:

  1. Choose a Less Expensive Wood: Opt for a more affordable wood type, like maple or oak, instead of pricier options like walnut or teak.
  2. DIY Installation and Finishing: If you’re handy, consider installing and finishing the countertop yourself. This can save on labor costs.
  3. Shop Around: Prices vary between suppliers, so it’s worth shopping for the best deal.
  4. Maintain Your Countertop: Regular maintenance can extend the life of your countertop, saving you money in the long run.

Comparing Butcher Block Countertops with Other Countertop Materials

When choosing a countertop material, it’s important to consider the cost and factors like durability, maintenance, and aesthetics. Let’s compare butcher block countertops with other popular materials like granite, quartz, and marble.

Countertop MaterialCostDurabilityMaintenanceAesthetics
Butcher Block$30-$200/sq ftHighRegular oiling or sealingWarm, natural look
Granite$40-$200/sq ftVery highSealing every 1-2 yearsLuxurious, unique patterns
Quartz$50-$150/sq ftVery highLow, no sealing requiredConsistent, modern look
Marble$40-$200/sq ftHigh, but can scratch and stainRegular sealingElegant, classic look

As you can see, each material has its pros and cons. Butcher block offers a warm, natural look and is highly durable, but requires regular maintenance. Granite and marble offer a luxurious look, but can be on the pricier side and require regular sealing. Quartz is low-maintenance and offers a modern look, but doesn’t have the natural variation of granite or marble.

DIY vs Professional Installation of Butcher Block Countertops

When installing butcher block countertops, you have two main options: DIY or hiring a professional. Both have their pros and cons.

DIY Installation:


  • Cost Savings: Doing it yourself can save you the cost of labor.
  • Satisfaction: Completing a home improvement project alone is a sense of accomplishment.


  • Time-Consuming: It can be a time-consuming project, especially if you’re new to DIY.
  • Potential Mistakes: Without the right experience, there’s a risk of mistakes that could cost more in the long run.

Professional Installation:


  • Expertise: Professionals have the experience and skills to ensure a high-quality finish.
  • Time-Efficient: A professional can usually complete the job quicker than a DIYer.


  • Cost: Hiring a professional will add to the overall cost of your countertop project.

FAQs About Butcher Block Countertops

When it comes to butcher block countertops, there are often a lot of questions and misconceptions. Here are some of the most common queries:

Can I cut directly on my butcher block countertop?
While butcher block is durable and can technically handle direct cutting, it’s best to use a cutting board to prevent scratches and maintain the finish.

Can butcher block countertops handle heat?
Yes, butcher blocks can withstand heat to some extent, but it’s recommended to use trivets or heat pads when placing hot pots and pans on the countertop to prevent scorch marks.

How often should I oil my butcher block countertop?
If your countertop is finished with oil, it should be re-oiled every few months to keep the wood moisturized and protected.

Can butcher block countertops be used in bathrooms?
Yes, but they require a waterproof finish and regular maintenance to prevent water damage.

Can I install a butcher block countertop myself?
Yes, with the right tools and some DIY know-how, you can install a butcher block countertop yourself. However, you might consider hiring a professional for a seamless finish.


Butcher block countertops are a beautiful, durable, and sustainable choice for any kitchen. With various wood types and finishes available, you can customize your countertop to suit your kitchen’s style and personal preferences perfectly.

Regular maintenance and proper care are key to a long-lasting butcher block countertop. Whether you choose to install and finish your countertop yourself or hire a professional, with the appropriate care, your butcher block countertop can remain a stunning feature in your kitchen for many years.

So, are you ready to embrace the warmth and natural beauty of butcher block countertops in your kitchen? Whether planning a full kitchen renovation or updating your countertops, butcher block is a choice you’ll love and stand the test of time.