Pine Wood Tree Definition
Pine wood tree is an evergreen tree which never losing its leaves that grows in cooler areas of the world. The trees can grow up to 80 m tall, but 15– 45 m tall in common. Pine tree is one of long-life trees. It can reach ages of 100–1,000 years, or even more.
Pine Wood Texture
The pine wood primarily has a rather coarse and resinous texture. It is open grained. It means the natural patterns of lines in the wood surface are wide with conspicuous annual rings in which there is considerable difference between earlywood and latewood. It is common to have false rings in pine wood.
Pine Wood Color
Pine is white or pale yellow in color. The pale color can range from yellow to almost red in appearance. This range of color shows the true natural beauty.
Pine Wood Facts
Pine is softwood that has over 100 species all over the world. There are various types of pine in the Genus Pinus. The followings are some of the most common types of pine wood:
1. Pinus strobus or Eastern white pine
It is also known as Weymouth pine, soft pine, white pine, or northern white pine. It grows mostly in the middle Atlantic and south Atlantic States, and some in New England and Great Lake States.
The wood has uniform texture and straight grain. It is soft and lightweight, but moderately low in strength and stiffness.
It ranks high in stability since it has low shrinkage. It is also easily kiln dried, so it is easy to work and can be readily glued.
The high-grade lumber of Eastern white pine is used for patterns, sashes, doors, furniture, interior woodwork, knotty paneling, caskets, shade and map rollers, and toys. While the lower grades are used for structural lumber.
2. Pinus banksi¬ana or Jack pine
It is also known as scrub, gray, and black pine. It grows naturally in the Great Lake States and in some areas of New England and northern New York. The wood has a rather coarse and resinous texture.
Like other kind of pine wood species, Jack pine is moderately lightweight. It has moderately low strength, shock resistance, stiffness, and also shrinkage.
Jack pine is mainly used for pulpwood, box lumber, pallets, railroad crossties, mine timber, slack cooperage, poles, posts, and fuel.
3. Pinus contorta or Lodgepole pine
It is also known as knotty, black, and spruce pine. It grows in the Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast regions as far northward as Alaska, some in other regions such as Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington.
Lodgepole pine generally has narrow growth rings and straight grain. The wood is moderately lightweight and soft so it is fairly easy to work. It has moderately high shrinkage but moderately low in strength, stiffness, and shock resistance.
Lodgepole pine is mainly used for lumber, mine timbers, railroad crossties, poles, structural lumber, millwork, cabinet logs, engineered wood composites, posts and fuel.
4. Pinus rigida or Pitch pine
It grows from Maine along the mountains to eastern Tennessee and northern Georgia. The wood is moderately strong, stiff, hard, and heavy.
It is moderately high in shock resistance, while the shrinkage varies from moderately low to moderately high. Pitch pine is used for general construction, lumber, posts, poles, fuel, and pulpwood.
5. Pinus ponderosa or Ponderosa pine
It is also called as western yellow, bull, and blackjack pine. The wood is generally moderately lightweight, soft, and stiff. It also has moderately low in strength, shrinkage and shock resistance.
Ponderosa pine is generally straight grained. The wood is quite uniform in texture and has little tendency to warp and twist.
Ponderosa pine lumber which high- grade is used for sashes, doors, blinds, moulding, paneling, interior woodwork, and cabinets. While the low-grade lumber is used for boxes and crates.
6. Pinus resinosa or Red pine
It grows in New England, New York, Pennsylvania, and the Great Lake States. Red pine is moderately heavy, strong, stiff and high in shock resistance but moderately soft.
The wood is generally straight grained, resinous, and not as uniform in texture as eastern white pine ( strobus).
Red pine is not difficult to dry and is dimensionally stable when dried since the wood has moderately high shrinkage.
The lumber of Red pine is commonly used for building construction, including treated lumber for decking, siding, flooring, sashes, doors, general millwork, and boxes, pallets, and crates.
7. Pinus lam¬bertiana or Sugar pine
It is sometimes called as California sugar pine. As the largest species of pine in the world, it grows mostly in California and southwestern Oregon.
The wood has straight grain and fairly uniform in texture. It is easy to work with tools since it has very low shrinkage and stable dimension.
It is also readily dried without warping or checking. Sugar pine is lightweight, moderately low in strength, shock resistance, stiffness, and also moderately soft.
Sugar pine is used extensively for boxes and crates, sashes, doors, frames, blinds, general millwork, building construction, and foundry patterns.
8. Pinus monticola or Western white pine
It is also known as Idaho white pine or white pine. The wood is moderately lightweight, soft, and stiff.
It has moderately low in strength and shock resistance and but moderately high shrinkage.
Western white pine is straight grained, easily kiln-dried, and stable after drying so it is easy to work. Western white pine is used mainly for millwork products, such as sashes and door frames.
The lower-grade boards are used for knotty paneling, while the high-grade material is made into siding of various kinds, exterior and interior woodwork, and millwork.
9. Pinus radiata or Radiata pine.
It is also known as Monterey pine. The wood is planted extensively in the southern hemisphere, mainly in Chile, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa.
The wood has moderately even and fine texture and not interlocked grain. Its strength properties may vary according to the location and growth rate, but it is comparable with red pine’s strength.
The wood is kiln-dries rapidly with little degrade. It is also easily work with machines. For the finishing process, Radiata pine nails and glues easily, and it takes paint well.
Radiata pine is commonly used for veneer, plywood, pulp, fiberboard, construction, boxes, and millwork
Is Pine Easy to Work with?
Definitely yes, it is. The wood of pine is light weight and has a good elasticity. It is also soft so it is easy to work with. Pine wood is one of craftsman’s favorite.
Is Pine Wood Good for Outdoor Furniture?
Since it resists shrinking and swelling so, the answer is YES. It also holds paint and varnishes well. Therefore pine wood is a good choice for outdoor furniture.
Common Uses of Pine Wood
Pine wood is commonly used for cabinets, unfinished furniture, outdoor furniture, and some high-quality furniture.
Mostly the second-growth knotty wood or lower grade is used for structural lumber, while the high-grade lumber is used for patterns.
Pine Wood Furniture Designs
Pine wood is generally designed for furniture as sashes, doors, blinds, moulding, knotty paneling, caskets, boxes, crates, pallets, decking, siding, flooring, sashes, interior woodwork and millwork, built-in cases, cabinets shade and map rollers, frames, foundry patterns, and even toys.
Pine Wood Planks
As we know, planks are long narrow flat pieces of wood which are usually used for making floors or roof decks.
Planks which are made from pine wood have some strengths, they are durable and economic.
As roof decks, pine wood planks give good insulation against heat and cold. While as a floor, they can resist the changes in temperature and soil humidity well.
Pine wood planks are very easy to maintain. Therefore, they are economic since they are cheap and do not need a special treatment.
Pine Wood Strengths
Pine wood has been popular since there are some inherent strengths of it. First, the wood of pine trees is a cheaper and more readily available alternative to traditional hardwoods.
It is a cost- saving wood since its abundant supply, and established market preference. The next important point is this wood has a best treatability.
It is soft and light in weight so the timber can be sawed without difficulty. Pine wood also has a good elasticity.
Like stated before, it also resists shrinking and swelling that makes it stable for furniture manufacturing.
The last remarkable point is this wood can be transformed into a beautiful finished furniture product since it has a various attractive grain options and can holds paints and varnishes very well.
Disadvantages of Pine Wood
In the contrary, there are a few disadvantages of pine wood that should be considered. The main problem is this wood has less strength. It can be easily damaged. Besides, the common lumber of pine wood often has defects such as scratches and dents.
Disadvantages of Pine Needles
Like other needled evergreens, pine trees drops needles periodically. The dropped pine needles are difficult to remove.
When they cover the soil as mulch, they will not restore the soil mineral or plant nutrients. In addition, insects love needle mulch very much.
They can create potential issues for the soil when they settle into the soil layer beneath the pine needles.
Furthermore, pine trees like higher temperature and additional water, so the mulch sometimes holds too much moisture on the soil. These conditions could bring destructive issues that should be removed to maintain the soil’s health.